I heard the argument that Venus must be hot and moist because the Moon is cold and moist and is farthest from the Sun therefore Venus being closer to the Sun should be hot and moist.
Let’s take that reasoning further.
How do we justify the moist part? Venus is not near any moist planet. If anything, it should catch the dryness from Mercury, or again, from the Sun. Why is that not the case? And why is the Moon cold and moist to start with? Or any other planet, for that matter?
If it matters being close to this or that other planet then, all planets should have the same elemental quality. The “logic” in that reasoning forces us to remain arbitrary in our choice of elemental quality for any planet.
I suggest we follow Nicholas Culpeper’s advice and apply some wit to the following approach:
Venus is cold and moist because it is, well, “Venus”!
Venus is receptive, responsive, accommodating, adapting, flexible, fluid, meandering, joining (as in love), slowing. All qualities of the Water element.
Same for the Moon: receptive, responsive, fluid, reflecting. Water. The Moon has no heat. It does not shine on its own. It is the planet os passive reflectivity.
Mars is active, initiating, projecting, persuading, forcing, direct, straight, separating (as in hate), speeding. All qualities of the heat and/or dryness: fire (if both heat and dryness). That has nothing to do with being near the Sun (or Saturn).
Jupiter is expanding, encompassing, embracing, far-reaching, active and accommodating, direct and flexible, it has the qualities of air (heat and moisture) which is the most balanced of the four elements. That is why Jupiter is the natural ruler of priests, teachers and lawmakers because the they are active, flexible and connecting, for example. They persuade but are receptive at the same time. Air is “measured activity”. Air is giving and considerate. Forgiveness and compassion are Air qualities and so Jupiter rules them.
Likewise, what makes Mercury and Saturn cold and dry are the qualities of earth, such as neutrality and independence, for example. While Saturn is deep and maintains separation through being distant and aloof, Mercury maintains separation or independence by being superficial.
Of course, each planet will express their elemental quality differently, after all they each represent different essences. But the elemental quality is the basis for all other qualities.